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Xylotheque comes from the Greek words xylos which means “wood” and theque for “depository”. Wooden “books”arranged in shelves contain botanical samples (leaves, seeds, nut, twigs, fruit, flowers, pieces of root and bark) of the source tree in a hollowed out compartment.
There are many well-preserved xylotheques around the world, the largest being the Samuel James Record Collection at Yale University, which has more than 60,000 editions in different woods.
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