Harriet Quimby was an early American aviator and a movie actress, screenwriter and critic. In 1911she became the first woman to gain a pilot's license in the United States. In 1912, she became the first woman to fly across the English Channel. She died on July 1that year while piloting her new Blériot monoplane at the Harvard-Boston Aviation Meet. Both she and her passenger were thrown out into the shallow water of the bay. She was just 37.